RESNA Standards Committee on Wheelchairs (including Scooters) (WCS)



Officers:
Chair: William Ammer
William Ammer
bill@ammerconsulting.com
Vice Chair: Peter Axelson
Beneficial Designs, Inc.
peter@beneficialdesigns.com
Secretary: David Mahilo
Invacare
dmahilo@invacare.com

These standards affect wheelchair users, caregivers and organizations representing the technical needs of persons with mobility impairments, Assistive Technology Practitioners and Assistive Technology Suppliers of Wheelchairs and mobility devices, the Food and Drug Administration that manages wheelchairs as medical devices, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and Medicare Pricing, Data Analysis and Coding (PDAC) who establish coding guidelines and establish policy for the provision of mobility technologies, manufacturers of wheelchairs, scooters and mobility devices, and researchers, designers and test laboratories of mobility devices.

Work Program: 

RESNA WC-1 Wheelchairs – Volume 1: Requirements and Test Methods for Wheelchairs (including Scooters)

This standard applies to manual and powered wheelchairs, including scooters, and accessories for wheelchairs and scooters. It specifies vocabulary, disclosure requirements for testing, and test methods and methods of measurement for: static stability; wheelchair and seat dimensions; static, impact and fatigue strength testing; flammability requirements; test dummy specifications; and set-up procedures.

The standard includes the following sections:

  • Section 1: Determination of static stability
  • Section 5: Determination of dimensions, mass and maneuvering space
  • Section 7: Method of measurement of seating and wheel dimensions
  • Section 8: Requirements and test methods for static, impact and fatigue strengths
  • Section 11: Test dummies
  • Section 13: Determination of coefficient of friction of test surfaces
  • Section 15: Requirements for information disclosure, documentation and labeling
  • Section 16: Resistance to ignition of upholstered parts – Requirements and test methods
  • Section 20: Determination of the performance of stand-up type wheelchairs
  • Section 22: Set-up procedures
  • Section 26: Vocabulary

RESNA WC-2 Wheelchairs – Volume 2: Additional Requirements for Wheelchairs (including Scooters) with Electrical Systems

This standard applies to powered wheelchairs, including scooters, and accessories for wheelchairs and scooters. It specifies test methods and requirements for: dynamic stability; brake effectiveness; energy consumption; maximum speed, acceleration and deceleration; obstacle climbing ability; climatic testing; power and control system; and electromagnetic compatibility.

The standard includes the following sections:

  • Section 2: Determination of dynamic stability of electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 3: Determination of effectiveness of brakes
  • Section 4: Energy consumption of electrically powered wheelchairs and scooters for determination of theoretical distance range
  • Section 6: Determination of maximum speed, acceleration and deceleration of electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 9: Climatic tests for electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 10: Determination of obstacle-climbing ability of electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 14: Power and control systems for electrically powered wheelchairs – Requirements and test methods
  • Section 21: Requirements and test methods for electromagnetic compatibility of electrically powered wheelchairs and motorized scooters