Wheelchairs

RESNA Standards Committee on Wheelchairs (including Scooters) (WCS)

Click here to order standards from this committee.
Click here for a membership form to join this committee.
Click here for information about the WC-1 Standard developed and maintained by this committee.
Click here for information about the WC-2 Standard developed and maintained by this committee.

NEXT MEETING

The next WCS meeting has been scheduled for Thursday, October 13, from 2:00pm - 4:00pm Eastern (this is a virtual meeting).  The committee is seeking participants from under-represented interest categories (clinicians and consumers). For additional information, please contact the WCS Committee Officers or Yvonne Meding.

Officers

Chair: William Ammer
Ammer Consulting 
bill@ammerconsulting.com

 

Dave MahiloVice Chair: David Mahilo
dmahilo@invacare.com 

 

Photo of Peter Axelson Secretary: Peter Axelson
Beneficial Designs, Inc.
peter@beneficialdesigns.com

 

These standards affect wheelchair users, caregivers and organizations representing the technical needs of persons with mobility impairments, Assistive Technology Practitioners and Assistive Technology Suppliers of Wheelchairs and mobility devices, the Food and Drug Administration that manages wheelchairs as medical devices, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and Medicare Pricing, Data Analysis and Coding (PDAC) who establish coding guidelines and establish policy for the provision of mobility technologies, manufacturers of wheelchairs, scooters and mobility devices, and researchers, designers and test laboratories of mobility devices.

Work Program

RESNA WC-1 Wheelchairs – Volume 1: Requirements and Test Methods for Wheelchairs (including Scooters)

This standard applies to manual and powered wheelchairs, including scooters, and accessories for wheelchairs and scooters. It specifies vocabulary, disclosure requirements for testing, and test methods and methods of measurement for: static stability; wheelchair and seat dimensions; static, impact and fatigue strength testing; flammability requirements; test dummy specifications; and set-up procedures.

The standard includes the following sections:

  • Section 1: Determination of static stability
  • Section 5: Determination of dimensions, mass and maneuvering space
  • Section 7: Method of measurement of seating and wheel dimensions
  • Section 8: Requirements and test methods for static, impact and fatigue strengths
  • Section 11: Test dummies
  • Section 13: Determination of coefficient of friction of test surfaces
  • Section 15: Requirements for information disclosure, documentation and labeling
  • Section 16: Resistance to ignition of upholstered parts – Requirements and test methods
  • Section 20: Determination of the performance of stand-up type wheelchairs
  • Section 22: Set-up procedures
  • Section 26: Vocabulary

RESNA WC-2 Wheelchairs – Volume 2: Additional Requirements for Wheelchairs (including Scooters) with Electrical Systems 
This standard applies to powered wheelchairs, including scooters, and accessories for wheelchairs and scooters. It specifies test methods and requirements for: dynamic stability; brake effectiveness; energy consumption; maximum speed, acceleration and deceleration; obstacle climbing ability; climatic testing; power and control system; and electromagnetic compatibility.

The standard includes the following sections:

  • Section 2: Determination of dynamic stability of electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 3: Determination of effectiveness of brakes
  • Section 4: Energy consumption of electrically powered wheelchairs and scooters for determination of theoretical distance range
  • Section 6: Determination of maximum speed, acceleration and deceleration of electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 9: Climatic tests for electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 10: Determination of obstacle-climbing ability of electrically powered wheelchairs
  • Section 14: Power and control systems for electrically powered wheelchairs – Requirements and test methods
  • Section 21: Requirements and test methods for electromagnetic compatibility of electrically powered wheelchairs and motorized scooters

ISO Related Activities

ISO / TC 173 Assistive Products for Persons with Disability / SC 1 Wheelchairs

ISO/TC 173/SC 1/WG 1 Test Methods – Work Program

  • ISO 7176-1 Wheelchairs – Part 1: Determination of static stability
  • ISO 7176-2 Wheelchairs – Part 2: Determination of dynamic stability of electric wheelchairs
  • ISO 7176-3 Wheelchairs – Part 3: Determination of effectiveness of brakes
  • ISO 7176-4 Wheelchairs – Part 4: Energy consumption of electric wheelchairs and scooters for determination of theoretical distance range
  • ISO 7176-5 Wheelchairs – Part 5: Determination of dimensions, mass and maneuvering space
  • ISO 7176-6 Wheelchairs – Part 6: Determination of maximum speed, acceleration and deceleration of electric wheelchairs
  • ISO 7176-7 Wheelchairs – Part 7: Measurement of seating and wheel dimensions
  • ISO 7176-8 Wheelchairs – Part 8: Requirements and test methods for static, impact and fatigue strengths
  • ISO 7176-9 Wheelchairs – Part 9: Climatic tests for electric wheelchairs
  • ISO 7176-10 Wheelchairs – Part 10: Determination of obstacle-climbing ability of electric wheelchairs
  • ISO 7176-11 Wheelchairs – Part 11: Test dummies
  • ISO 7176-13 Wheelchairs – Part 13: Determination of coefficient of friction of test surfaces
  • ISO 7176-15 Wheelchairs – Part 15: Requirements for information disclosure, documentation and labeling
  • ISO 7176-20 Wheelchairs – Part 20: Determination of the performance of stand-up wheelchairs
  • ISO 7176-22 Wheelchairs – Part 22: Set-up procedures
  • ISO 7176-26 Wheelchairs – Part 26: Vocabulary
  • ISO 7176-27 Wheelchairs – Part 27: Requirements and test methods for pushrim activated power assisted wheelchairs (PAPAW)
  • ISO 7193 Wheelchairs – Maximum overall dimensions
  • ISO 13570-1 Technical Report: Guidelines for the application of the ISO 7176 series on wheelchairs
  • ISO 13570-2 Technical Report: Wheelchairs – Typical values and recommended limits or dimensions, mass and maneuvering space as determined in ISO 7176-5

ISO/TC 173SC 1/WG 8 Stair Traversing Devices – Work Program

  • ISO 7176-23 Wheelchairs – Part 23: Requirements and test methods for attendant-operated stair-climbing devices
  • ISO 7176-24 Wheelchairs – Part 24: Requirements and test methods for user-operated stair-climbing devices
  • ISO 7176-28 Wheelchairs- Part 28: Requirements and test methods for stair-climbing devices

ISO/TC 173/SC 1/WG 10 Electro-technical Systems – Work Program

  • ISO 7176-14 Wheelchairs – Part 14: Power and control systems for electrically powered wheelchairs and scooters– Requirements and test methods
  • ISO 7176-21 Wheelchairs – Part 21: Requirements and test methods for electromagnetic compatibility of electrically powered wheelchairs and motorized scooters, and battery chargers
  • ISO 7176-25 Wheelchairs – Part 25: Batteries and chargers for powered wheelchairs and motorized scooters – Requirements and test methods