In-Lab Testing of the Endeavor Forward Folding Wheelchair

Joseph J. Olson MS1,2 , Rory A. Cooper Ph.D.1,2 , Annmarie Kelleher MS1,2 , David Boninger Ph.D., Mark McCartney BS1,2 .

1 Human Engineering Research Laboratories, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
2 University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences.


14 participants with differing levels of spinal cord injury took part in in-lab clinical testing comparing the Endeavor forward folding wheelchair with their personal wheelchair. They performed three different activities: an indoor obstacle course, a car transfer and an airline boarding simulation. For these activities, there was no statistical difference between the ratings for the Endeavor and the participant’s chair. In a questionnaire focusing on the attributes of the Endeavor, a majority of participants rated the Endeavor positively for all but one of the collected dimensions. The lack of significant results may be positive. It shows that with this sample participants rate the Endeavor, an unfamiliar chair similarly to one which they are intimately familiar with.


This work was supported by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) (Phase II SBIR-H H133S030016)

Joseph J. Olson, Human Engineering Research Laboratories, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, 7180 Highland Drive, 151R1-H, Pittsburgh, PA 15206. 412-954-5316,